On July 25, 1946, two black couples were riding in a car in Walton County, Ga., when they were mobbed by a group of white men. They were dragged from the car at gunpoint and tied up. Then they were shot — about 60 times, at close range — and killed.
The episode, which became known as the Moore’s Ford lynchings, is considered by many to be the last mass lynching in American history. It prompted national outrage and led President Harry Truman to order a federal investigation, making the case a critical catalyst for the civil rights movement.
Although a grand jury convened and witnesses testified for 16 days, no one was ever charged and the case remains unsolved.
Now, more than 70 years later, what those witnesses said may be on the verge of becoming public.
On Monday, the United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, in Atlanta, affirmed a lower court’s ruling that had ordered the release of the grand jury transcripts from 1946. In a 2-to-1 opinion, Judge Charles R. Wilson wrote that the event was so clearly of “exceptional historical significance” that “the interest in disclosure outweighed the interest in continued secrecy.”
“I was over the moon,” Anthony Pitch, the author and historian who sued for the records, said in a telephone interview Monday night. “Who knows what treasure lies in those sealed documents; it’s obvious to me that something is hidden there.”
A spokeswoman for the Justice Department declined to comment. It is unclear whether the department will appeal the ruling.
In his ruling, Judge Wilson wrote that racial tensions in Georgia were high in 1946, as black citizens were being allowed to vote in a Georgia Democratic Party primary for the first time that year.
The events leading up to the Moore’s Ford lynchings — named after a bridge about 60 miles east of Atlanta that the car was crossing — began when one of the victims, Roger Malcom, was jailed on suspicion of stabbing a white farmer who was his employer. Though the particulars of the stabbing are unclear, in one version of events, Mr. Malcom was said to have confronted his boss about having sex with Dorothy Malcom, his common-law wife, who was reportedly pregnant.
Eleven days later, Loy Harrison, a different white farmer, bailed out Mr. Malcom at the request of his family. Mr. Malcom, his wife, his sister, Mae Murray Dorsey, and her husband, George — a World War II Army veteran — were riding in a car with Mr. Harrison when they were attacked.
Mr. Harrison, now dead, later told the federal investigators that on the way home, he was stopped by a group of men, who took his four passengers at gunpoint. But many in Walton County believe that Mr. Harrison was a Klan member and had bailed out Mr. Malcom with the intention of releasing him to a Klan mob.
The four victims were between 20 and 30 years old when they were “marched to a thicket where they were executed,” according to a 1946 story in The New York Times.
Senator William Knowland of California called the lynching a “blot on the whole United States.” Ellis Arnall, the governor of Georgia at the time, offered a ,000 reward for tips on the lynching mob.
The grand jury investigation lasted three weeks in December 1946. Even though more than 100 people were subpoenaed, the jury — made up of 21 white people and two black people — was not able to identify members of the 20-person lynching mob.
In 1991, a man who said he had seen the killings came forward, telling reporters that Mr. Harrison had been among the gunmen. And in 2013, the crime resurfaced again when a white man in his 50s said in an interview with the N.A.A.C.P. that he had grown up hearing adults talking about the killings and that some of those responsible were still alive.
Judge James L. Graham, of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, who served on the appellant panel and dissented, noted the possibility that unsealing the grand jury testimony could affect people who are still living. He wrote: “The vitality of the community’s continued interest” in the case “raises possible repercussions for the living descendants and relatives of those individuals whom the grand jury records will identify as being suspects, witnesses and grand jurors.”
Over the years, filmmakers, activists and relatives of the victims have campaigned for justice through documentaries, event re-enactments and by participating in the continuing search for more information.
Atanya Lynette Hayes, Mr. Malcom’s granddaughter, said Monday that her father kept up with the case until he died in 2016. In a telephone interview from her home in Ohio, Ms. Hayes, 49, said Monday night that she had cried at her desk when she was told that the appellate court had ruled in favor of releasing the grand jury testimony.
“My father died without closure,” she said. “We want someone to be held accountable for the wrong.”B:
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【黎】【擎】【瞳】【孔】【一】【缩】，【真】【的】【假】【的】？【这】【么】【巧】【合】【的】【吗】？【硬】【接】【了】【一】【次】【爆】【炸】，【就】【到】【了】【那】【药】【剂】【师】【的】【魂】【归】【之】【地】？ 【等】【等】！ 【黎】【擎】【想】【到】【了】**【先】【前】【的】【表】【情】：“【师】【父】，【刚】【才】【那】【爆】【炸】，【不】【会】【是】【你】【做】【的】【吧】？” “【哈】？【怎】【么】【可】【能】【呀】！【为】【师】【怎】【么】【会】【做】【这】【么】【无】【耻】【的】【事】【情】【呀】。【那】【个】……【你】【先】【处】【理】【眼】【下】【的】【问】【题】【吧】。【为】【师】【去】【看】【控】【制】【器】【了】。”【说】【完】，**【就】【溜】
【如】【果】【以】【此】【推】【论】，【那】【米】【歇】【尔】【顿】【成】【立】【的】【时】【间】【应】【该】【是】【在】【她】【失】【踪】【的】【时】【间】【里】。 【那】【么】【米】【歇】【尔】【顿】【的】【幕】【后】【操】【控】【人】【是】【谁】？ 【隗】【子】【仓】【年】【纪】【跟】【她】【差】【不】【多】，【不】【太】【可】【能】【是】【幕】【后】【的】【操】【控】【人】。 【会】【是】【谁】？ 【秦】【深】【深】【想】【着】，【又】【钻】【进】【了】【死】【胡】【同】。 【现】【在】【她】【只】【知】【道】，【她】【已】【经】【找】【出】【了】【继】【承】【人】，【简】【应】【该】【告】【诉】【她】【地】【动】【仪】【的】【去】【向】【了】。 【简】【却】【摇】【了】【摇】【头】。
“【穆】【安】，【杀】【人】【犯】【都】【有】【机】【会】【弥】【补】，【为】【什】【么】【你】【就】【不】【会】【给】【我】【机】【会】【重】【新】【开】【始】【呢】。”【姜】【朗】【行】【掰】【过】【穆】【安】【的】【肩】【膀】【几】【乎】【是】【带】【着】【怒】【吼】。 “【杀】【人】【犯】？【你】【也】【是】【杀】【人】【犯】，【那】【个】【穆】【安】【已】【经】【是】【被】【你】【杀】【死】【了】【呀】，【姜】【朗】【行】，【你】【知】【道】【我】【这】【辈】【子】【活】【的】【一】【直】【觉】【得】【没】【根】，【我】【想】【也】【有】【一】【个】【牵】【绊】。【我】【也】【想】【对】【别】【人】【有】【所】【亏】【欠】，【可】【是】【到】【头】【来】【都】【是】【别】【人】【亏】【欠】【了】【我】，【你】【说】，【这】【样】www243333推荐六肖【奸】【细】【是】【哪】【个】【忍】【村】【的】，**【不】【知】【道】，【也】【不】【需】【要】【知】【道】，【既】【然】【小】【南】【这】【么】【快】【能】【把】【对】【方】【揪】【出】【来】，【就】【说】【明】【对】【方】【迟】【早】【都】【是】【死】，【所】【以】**【用】【其】【做】【祭】【品】【也】【没】【什】【么】【可】【笑】【的】【心】【里】【负】【担】。 【仪】【式】【很】【快】【进】【行】，【随】【着】**【的】【结】【印】，【地】【面】【上】【出】【现】【了】【黑】【色】【的】【复】【杂】【纹】【路】，【正】【是】【秽】【土】【转】【生】【的】【咒】【印】。 【在】【那】【名】【奸】【细】【惊】【恐】【的】【目】【光】【中】，【无】【数】【灰】【烬】【一】【样】【的】【物】【质】【附】【着】【在】【了】
【从】【大】【厅】【里】【出】【来】【后】，【两】【人】【一】【路】【朝】【东】【行】，【穿】【过】【那】【条】【宽】【敞】【可】【并】【排】【四】【辆】【四】【轮】【马】【车】【的】【主】【干】【道】，【路】【过】【商】【业】【街】，【进】【入】【了】【住】【宅】【区】。 【说】【是】【住】【宅】【区】，【文】【奇】【观】【察】【了】【一】【番】【发】【现】【根】【本】【就】【是】【军】【营】【改】【造】【的】。【一】【排】【排】【房】【屋】【的】【造】【型】【出】【奇】【的】【一】【致】【和】【陈】【旧】，【有】【专】【门】【的】【辙】【道】，【还】【有】【废】【旧】【仓】【库】【改】【造】【成】【的】【商】【铺】。 【他】【数】【了】【数】，【这】【整】【个】【住】【宅】【区】【共】【分】【为】【八】【个】【部】【分】，【每】【部】【分】
【东】【海】【之】【上】，【一】【群】【选】【手】【踩】【着】【赛】【道】【追】【逐】。 【天】【渺】【踏】【着】【祥】【云】，【带】【着】【一】【队】【仙】【女】【们】【进】【行】【直】【播】。 “【现】【在】【领】【先】【的】【是】【巫】【门】【夸】【父】。【他】【使】【用】【昆】【仑】【山】【秘】【传】【的】‘【逐】【日】【追】【光】【步】’，【身】【如】【虹】【光】，【踏】【浪】【而】【行】。【在】【他】【身】【后】【是】【妖】【神】【毕】【方】，【这】【位】【妖】【神】【显】【化】【本】【体】，【化】【作】【流】【火】【紧】【紧】【咬】【住】【前】【面】【的】【大】【巫】【夸】【父】。” “【而】【自】【毕】【方】【之】【后】【的】【前】【十】【名】，【都】【是】【飞】【行】【类】【的】【妖】【神】【以】
“【可】【以】！”【梧】【欢】【突】【然】【冷】【下】【脸】，【认】【真】【的】【看】【着】【逆】【寒】：“【三】【是】【我】【休】【了】【你】！” 【逆】【寒】【的】【笑】【容】【渐】【渐】【凝】【固】“【欢】【儿】【你】【别】【这】【样】【嘛】。【一】【点】【都】【不】【好】【玩】。【我】【告】【诉】【你】【实】【话】【还】【不】【行】【嘛】！” “【那】【你】【快】【说】！”【梧】【欢】【懒】【得】【废】【话】【多】【说】，【只】【想】【知】【道】【是】【不】【是】【自】【己】【哪】【个】【环】【节】【出】【了】【错】？【还】【是】【给】【他】【放】【错】【了】？ 【逆】【寒】【在】【梧】【欢】【的】【额】【头】【上】【亲】【了】【一】【下】，【才】【开】【始】【讲】【到】：“【你】【个】